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➤ What is the Wood CNC Router ?

A computer numerical control (CNC) router is a computer-controlled cutting machine which typically mounts a hand-held router as a spindle which is used for cutting various materials, such as wood, composites, aluminium, steel, plastics, glass, and foams. CNC routers can perform the tasks of many carpentry shop machines such as the panel saw, the spindle moulder, and the boring machine. They can also cut joinery such as mortises and tenons. A router CNC is very similar in concept to a CNC milling machine. Instead of routing by hand, tool paths are controlled via computer numerical control. The router CNC is one of many kinds of tools that have CNC variants.

➤ Applications:

The CNC routers can be used to produce items such as door carvings, interior and exterior decorations, wood panels, sign boards, wooden frames, moldings, musical instruments, furniture. In addition, they see use in industry in the thermoforming of plastics by automating the trimming process. CNC routers can help ensure part repeatability and sufficiently efficient output for production, or allow one-off designs to be made. This is engraving machine.

➤ Use:

CNC routers are controlled by a computer. Coordinates are uploaded into the machine controller from a separate program. CNC routers are often used with two software applications—one to make designs (CAD) and another to translate those designs into a G-code program of instructions for the machine (CAM) in vertical, horizontal and perpendicular coordinates. 

As with CNC milling machines, CNC routers can be controlled directly by manual programming, but CAD/CAM allows wider possibilities for contouring, speeding up the programming process and in some cases creating programs whose manual programming would be impractical. On some controllers the G-code can be loaded as a vector file on the router control panel. A vector file can be created from a picture file by using a drawing (CAD) software. The human operator selects the machine tool (such as a 0.25-inch v-bit or a 0.75-inch core box bit), speed, cut depth and tool path. 

For cut path, most machines give the options of tracing the vectors, cutting outside the vectors, or cutting inside the vectors. 

The operator determines the center point of the part, clamps the part onto the table, moves the bit directly above the marked center and down to the face of the part, and marks this as the starting point. The operator moves the bit up a few inches and selects the run G-code function. The machine begins to cut the design.

➤ Computer-aided manufacturing:

CAM software makes the CAD drawing/design into a code called G-code. The illustration shows what a bare-bones CNC machine might look like without its computer controller.

➤ Size and Configuration

CNC routers come in many configurations, from small home-style D.I.Y. “desktop”, to large industrial routers manufactured for commercial use. CNC routers are used in sign shops, cabinet making, aerospace and boat-making. Although there are many configurations, most CNC routers have a few specific parts: a dedicated CNC controller, one or more spindle motors, servo motors or stepper motors, servo amplifiers, AC inverter frequency drives, linear guides, ball screws and a workspace bed or table. In addition, CNC routers may have accessories such as vacuum pumps, with grid table tops or t-slot hold down fixtures to hold the parts in place for cutting. 

CNC routers are typically available in 3-axis and 5-axis CNC formats.

 Many manufacturers offer A and B axis for full 5-axis capabilities and rotary 4th axis. Common industrial CNC router sizes include 4′ x 8′ and 5′ x 10.’ Many CNC routers today are made of aluminum extrusion which provide great flexibility as this can be shipped from almost anywhere unassembled but also provides size options.:

ATC CNC routers are the first choice for enterprises with large production volume. It can automatically change the required tools by computer program control without stopping work during processing. And this CNC wood router can complete a series of cutting, hollowing, grooving, punching, milling grooves, milling planes and other different processing needs. Therefore, both the processing quality and processing efficiency have been greatly improved. 

This type of multi-head engraving machine is mainly applicable to the processing of three-dimensional wave board, cabinet doors, solid wood doors, craft wooden doors, paint-free doors, screens, craft window etc., and it is widely used in antique furniture, European-style furniture and other furniture industries. And this type of multi head CNC router is also suitable for processing cabinet doors, art embossed screens, craft windows, embossed craft gifts, solid wood art murals, woodwork calligraphy carving, art photo frames, electrical countertops, sports equipment, violin arcs.

CNC wood router is a type of wood CNC machine with Computer Numerical Controlled for smart 2D/3D cutting, carving, routing, milling, drilling and grooving on most popular woodworking, including wood crafts, wood arts, wood signs making, cabinet making, wood door making, wood gifts, wood toys, wood modeling, decorations, wardrobe and other wood furniture making. 

CNC milling machine is a CNC machine that uses a milling cutter/end bits to mill a workpiece of metal, wood, plastic, acrylic, etc. By changing end bits, you can mill different material and get different efficiency and cutting edge. The machine with high efficiency can not only mill planes, grooves, gear teeth, threads, and spline shafts, but also process more complex profiles, and is widely used in machinery manufacturing and repair departments.

3D CNC router machine is dedicated to fit the requirements of carving and cutting on dimension 3D projects. 3D CNC machine can be determined based on machined material, and 3D CNC routing can also be achieved by equipping ordinary carving machine with rotary axis. 3D CNC machine comes with various specifications to fit different customers’ demands. 3D CNC router is also known as 3D router, 3D CNC machine, 3D CNC carving machine, 3D CNC cutting machine, Cylinder CNC router machine.

Hobby CNC router is a type of small CNC machine for hobbyists with mini table size controlled by computer or DSP controller. It is a smart CNC machine tool that automatically calculates the tool path through a computer and the designed patterns on the object. A hobby CNC router is also known as hobby CNC machine, entry level CNC router, desktop CNC router, mini CNC router, small CNC router, advertising CNC router, CNC router for beginners. 

4 axis CNC wood router with ATC system is used for side slot milling, drilling, cutting and keyhole, the 4 axis wood CNC machine adopts 9KW HSD automatic tool changer spindle with 12 position rotary carousel tool holder, which is suitable for processing on different surface.

It can work with 3 axis / 4 axis / 5 axis, just as you like ! Integrated high-speed micro computer intelligent control chip. With external digital LCD monitor and handwheel controller. The working process can be tracked, recorded in the digital LCD monitor automatically. Mach 3 software Built in frequencey converter and without controller box. Cross slippery platform design rather than gantry design. Aluminum base sheet is heavy which can make sure no vibration when work. 

This rotary engraving machine is designed for processing complicated work pieces like 3D or 4D. Besides that it can be used in some furniture industry with the rotary device like stair railings, table and chair legs, Roman columns, etc.

Wood CNC Machine is widely used in industrial manufacturing, small business, small shop, home business, home shop, school education, craftsman, and hobbyists. 

  • Furniture Making: Cabinet making, door making, home doors, cabinet doors, cupboard doors, interior doors, sofa legs, table legs, spindles, screens, corners, headboards, antique furniture, art furnitures, office furnitures, wood furnitures, MDF projects, wood arts, wood crafts, composite gates, wave plate making.
  • Advertising.
  • Die Making. 
  • Hollow Woodworks.
  • Relief Carvings. 
  • Wood Cylinders.
  • 3D Woodworking Projects.
  • Sign Making.
  • Custom Woodworking Plans. 

Suitable Material:

  • Wood–

A CNC wood router is a computer-controlled router tool that carves/etches objects or images into the face of a piece of wood. The CNC Router is ideal for hobbies, engineering prototyping, product development, art, and production works. The CNC works on the Cartesian coordinate system (X, Y, Z) for 3D motion control; however, typical CNC operated systems can only make carvings on flat planes. The machine sits on a track and is not capable of making round or spherical cuts. Parts of a project can be designed in the computer with a CAD/CAM program, and then cut automatically using a router or other cutters to produce a finished part. In some instances, the table will not come with a router included. This allows the user to change out routers for different applications. For lighter strained cuts, they could use a lower grade router but for more intensive applications.

  • Metal–

Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece advancing (or feeding) in a direction at an angle with the axis of the tool. It covers a wide variety of operations and machines, on scales from small individual parts to large, heavy-duty gang milling operations. It is one of the most commonly used processes in industry and machine shops today for machining parts to precise sizes and shapes.

  • Stone–

A stone router CNC is a type of CNC machine designed for marble, granite, artificial stone, tombstone, ceramic tiles, glass machining, polishing for arts and crafts, etc. Wood, metal and stone require different “bits” or “inserts”. There is bit call as diamond tools with different diameter 4mm,6mm,8mm mainly used. For wood CNC-ing, bits with sharp cutting edges are used, while for Stone CNC-ing, the bits are made of a metal bar with a sintered layer of extremely hard but roughly shaped particles. Routing CNC is more like grinding than cutting. Because stone dust is very abrasive, these routers also have much better protection for the guide rails. With “wood” routers the guide rails are often visible from the outside & unprotected, while stone routers are fully covered. Stone routers also have a water recirculation system. A small jet of water is pointed at the router bit and this captures almost all fine stone dust in the water, which then flows to a collection reservoir where the stone particles settle on the bottom.

  • Polyurethane foam–

 Polyurethane foam can also be cut using a router CNC in order to produce complex shapes which would otherwise be difficult or impossible to replicate by hand. Depending on the type of foam being converted, a router CNC would be able to cut through up to an 8lb density. By converting a CAD design file into a CAM file, the Router CNC is able to read relevant information and produce a highly accurate finished product.